SexEdNotes ~ Ovulation & Menstruation
Ovulation is the term that describes the action of the Ovary releasing an Egg or Ovum. This occurs each 'month', and in this case, a 'month' is the number of days that pass between the beginning of a Menstrual flow and the beginning of the next flow. The 'average' 'month' is 28 1/2 days and is usually between 21 and 36 days. Rare cases can be more and can be less.
The Menstrual Cycle refers to what happens during that 'month' to a woman's body. The sole purpose of the Menstrual Cycle is processing the Ovum or Egg that is produced every 'month', from being released from the Ovary to being sent on its way with the Menstrual flow, and then preparing the woman's body for the release of the next Egg.
Starting at Day 1:
Starting at Day 14:
The woman's first ever Ovulation and Menstrual Flow is referred to as Menarche, and is one of three indicators of the start of Puberty, and it usually occurs around 12.7 years of age, give or take three to six years. It is beneficial for a woman to remember the date of, or what her age is when she has her Menarche as it is significant for doctors to know in later years. Menstruation will continue to happen every 'month' until Menopause, which averages around 45 to 55 years old. The 'month' may be somewhat irregular for the first few years after Menarche. When a young girl is extremely physically active, such as a professional-level gymnast or skater, her Menarche may be postponed a year or two, and if she is already menstruating, she will likely miss or skip a Period or two. Excess body fat encourages Menarche and lean body weight will discourage it.
The Menstrual Cycle stops when implantation of the fertilized Egg occurs, and will return at about 6 weeks after delivery of the baby. If the woman is exclusively breastfeeding the child, her period may wait as much as two years to restart, if she breastfeeds that long. That is NOT a reliable method of Birth Control at all. During Biblical days, it was common for a two-year spacing to occur between childbirth, and this is thought to be due to all women back then breastfeeding their infants for at least a year.
During pregnancy, a woman might actually continue to have a very light menstrual flow during the first part of a pregnancy. Some may actually continue through the entire pregnancy. ANY BLEEDING DURING PREGNANCY should be brought to the attention of your doctor immediately. TODAY!
A woman will likely experience Abdominal Cramps before or during her Period. They are usually severe muscle contractions of the Uterus, caused by hormones, and may be treated with medications from the doctor. Minor cramps are usually helped with Aspirin, and exercise may be of some help. The Menstrual Pains are thought to be a practice run of the Uterus getting ready for Labor Pains.